Nepal General Information

Himalayan country Nepal is one of the famous sports for adventure seeker. High Himalayas, majestic mountains, strange wildlife and diverse cultures is a world in itself. Nepal has a unique landscape stretches from the pinnacle of Mt. Everest to the Terai low lands where diverse human cultures and natural habitats can be found. Nepal is the birth place of Lord Buddha. Roughly rectangular in shape, Nepal is sandwiched between China in the north and India in South. The length of the kingdom is approximately 885 km east to west, and breadth 193 km north to south. The total area of the country is 147, 181 sq.km. Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Basically the visitors come to this country seeking yetis, others for tigers, some are in search of nirvana and many come to trek on ancient trail. Nepal is rich in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical location variation in altitude. Within a distance of 150km, the elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest (8,848m.). The climate is also diverse in nature ranging from Sub-tropical to Arctic due to country's altitudinal variation. Nepal has occupied only 1% of the earth but it is a home to 2% of all the flowering plants in the world, 8% of the world's population of birds, 4% of mammals on earth, 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies, 600 indigenous plant families and 319 species of exotic orchids.


Area: 147,181 Sq. Km

Official Name:  Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.

Capital : Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. Kathmandu is a valley surrounded by four hills - Fulchowki, Chandragiri, Shivapuri and Nagarjun. Kathmandu valley has three major cities Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, Patan. Situated at the altitude of 4500 feet above sea level, Kathmandu is home to seven UNESCO world heritage sites. Before the unification of Nepal in the18th century, the three cities were independent states ruled by the Malla Kings.

Time : Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT

Climate : Nepal has four seasons, namley, (1) Winter (Dec-Feb), (2) Spring (Mar-May), (3) Summer (June-Aug), (4) Autumn (Sep-Nov). Nepal can be visited round the year.

Population : 23.1 Million (according to 2001 census)

Language : Nepali is the national language. However travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.

Location  : Situated between China in the north and India in the South, East and west.

Currency :Nepali Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 74.35 as of May 2010).

Political :Multi-party System of Democracy .

Religion :Nepal is a secular state with a pre-dominance of Hindus and Buddhist Population.

Climate :Nepal has four major seasons, namely, (1) Winter: December-February, (2) Spring: March-May, (3) Summer: June-August, (4) Autumn: September-November. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

People :
Nepal has more than 105 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.